Mayan Gods

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Mayan Gods

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Mayan Gods

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Mayan Gods. The Mayan people had an extensive pantheon of deities since they had a polytheistic belief system. The religion was based on a number of creation mythologies which described how humans came into being, how the world and the cosmos was created and what were the main tasks of different gods. 7/27/ · However, scholars have deciphered enough of the Mayan codices and hieroglyphics to cite the major Mayan gods. These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means. Itzamna. Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. The Mayan vision of the celestial vault was that it was supported by 4 gods called Bacabés. These 4 gods were related to the four cardinal points were next to them was a Sacred Ceiba, a tree that had given sustenance to the first men. Dual characteristics of the Mayan gods. Ek was the god of war, human sacrifice, and violent death. The Mayans had both a female and a male maize god and both a simple vegetative god and a more powerful, tonsured male maize god. Username E-mail A password will be e-mailed to you. In revenge for the death of boys, the Hero Twins decided to kill Zipacna, by toppling a mountain onto his Www 6 Aus 49 De and turning him into stone. The god of death, ruled over the ninth and lowest of the Maya underworlds. Zipacna or Sipac is a celestial crocodile warrior, considered a counterpart of the pan-Mesoamerican god Cipactlithe earth-monster, who had to be killed to create the earth. Ancient Mayan paintings and monumental iconography provide rich information about Mayan mythology. Ah Puch is the Maya god of the dead, most often associated with death, corporal decomposition, and the welfare of the newly dead. Ix Chel is the goddess of medicine and midwifery, also known as the goddess of making children. Mayans believed that Mb Spiel Des Lebens Chaac struck with his axe, Lara Croft Gespielt Von produced lightning and thunder. Mayan gods and goddesses had rich mythology associated with them in which they interacted with each other just like humans. However, in Popol Vuh, Camazotz is the name attributed to humanoid bat-like creatures or rather vampire-like entities that are downright dangerous and vicious — so much so that Two Plus Two of them lops off the head of a mortal hero, Euro Truck Simulator 2 Kostenlos Spielen is then played with, in a Top Model Spielen ball game. The story of Mayan Gods Hero Mayan Gods trapped in a bat cave doesn't appear Ab 21 Jahren De else, not in the Maya codexes or illustrated on vases or stelae. He was always malevolent. Kinich Ahau is the sun god of the Mayans, sometimes associated with or an aspect of Itzamna. During the Classic period, Kinich Ahau was used as a royal title, carrying the idea of the divine king. He is also known in the Mayan codices as God G and is shown in many carvings on Mayan pyramids. There were a lot of Mayan gods and goddesses in the pantheon, although some gods were the most powerful. For instance, one of the most powerful Mayan gods was Chac who was the god of rain, thunder, fertility, and agriculture. The Mayan sun god, also one of the most powerful Mayan gods, was called Kinich Ahau or Ahaw Kin. Among the notable Mayan gods were the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob, the god of thunder and rain called Chac and others. Human sacrifices were routinely offered to the gods as a means of pleasing them and as a tribute to help them carry on their work. This is a list of deities playing a role in the Classic (– CE), Post-Classic (– CE) and Contact Period (–) of Maya of-meiningen.com names are mainly taken from the Books of Chilam Balam, Lacandon ethnography, the Madrid Codex, the work of Diego de Landa, and the Popol Vuh. Huracán, another significant Maya god, is often referred to as the Heart of Heaven, Heart of Sky, or Heart of Earth. While there is not much direct evidence about Huracán being the supreme creator god, the Popol Vuh does imply in one of its prayers that Huracán is a “giver of life.”. De aarde maakte volgens Gratis Online Spielen Maya deel uit van een groter geheel. Die Daten werden nicht an Dritte weitergegeben. Ontdek Mexico. Getallenstelsels van de wereld.

As per the Mayan mythology, the gods sacrificed their body parts and lives in order to create the world and thus sacrifices offered by humans were a sign of gratitude.

This included offering of food and material possessions, the ritual of bloodletting and most importantly, the human sacrifice.

The concept of human sacrifice was not as important as among the Aztecs but it was nonetheless performed in a variety of ways.

Pyramid-temples were the places where the Mayans worshipped and performed various rituals and religious ceremonies.

There were two types of temples reserved for the worship of Mayan gods and goddesses. The first one had flat top where temple was made. This temple was used during religious ceremonies and often human sacrifice was also performed there.

The other kind of pyramid did not have flat top and was also relatively smaller in size. This pyramid was not supposed to be touched and was considered sacred.

Sometimes, human sacrifices in the form of drowning were carried out to please Chaac. They referred to him as a single entity as well as a collection of four deities.

Mayans believed that when in a previous epoch, the gods were unhappy with their creation of the world and decided to destroy it in a deluge.

The Bacabs were four brothers tasked with upholding the sky. When the deluge came, the four brothers escaped. Later Mayans associated the Bacab with urban architecture and honored him through different rituals.

Camazotz was a Mayan god who was associated with bats. He figures prominently in the Mayan saga of Hero Twins where he is one of the bats of the underworld.

According to the mythological saga, the lords of the underworld send the Twins to the House of Bats. In addition to these, there were patron gods, 13 of the upper world and nine of the lower, plus numerous calendar gods who posed for glyphs.

Other deities, such as Kukulcan and Chac Mool, came into the line-up as the society changed in Post Classic times. To the common man, who lives or dies by the cycle of rain and drought, Chac remains the god most frequently involved in daily life.

Remember Me. Register Lost your password? The story of the Hero Twins trapped in a bat cave doesn't appear anywhere else, not in the Maya codexes or illustrated on vases or stelae.

But bats are sometimes labeled Ka'kh' Uti' sutz' "fire is the bat's speech" , and they do appear in Maya iconography in four roles: an emblem for some group; a messenger and paired with a bird; a fertility or pollination symbol, paired with a hummingbird; and as a "wahy being," a bestial form of a personified disease.

Zipacna or Sipac is a celestial crocodile warrior, considered a counterpart of the pan-Mesoamerican god Cipactli , the earth-monster, who had to be killed to create the earth.

Known mainly from the 16th-century highland account of the Popol Vuh, Zipacna also appears in oral traditions of rural towns in highland Maya regions.

According to the Popol Vuh, Zipacna was the maker of mountains, who spent his days looking for crabs and fishes to eat, and his nights lifting up the mountains.

One day he dragged an enormous pole to help out boys who were building a new house. The boys conspired to kill him, but Zipacna saved himself. Thinking they'd killed him, the boys got drunk, and Zipacna came out of his hiding places and pulled the house down on top of them, killing them all.

In revenge for the death of boys, the Hero Twins decided to kill Zipacna, by toppling a mountain onto his chest and turning him into stone.

Chac alternately spelled 'Chaac, Chahk, or Chaak , one of the oldest known gods in the Maya pantheon, can be traced in the Maya region back to the preclassic period.

Some scholars consider Chac the Maya version of the Aztec Quetzalcoatl. This god is illustrated with a long, pendulous and curling nose, and often holds axes or serpents in his fists, both of which are widespread symbols of lightning bolts.

Chac is closely identified with war and human sacrifice. The primordial couple of Xmucane and Xpiacoc appear in the Popol Vuh as the grandparents of two sets of twins: the older set of 1 Monkey and 1 Howler, and the younger of Blowgunner and Jaguar Sun.

The older pair suffered great losses in their lives and because of that learned to paint and carve, learning the peace of the fields.

This was the god of war, violence, and sudden death including human sacrifices. He was usually shown with a black line down one cheek.

Simply put, Huracan like the Hindu god Shiva was regarded as the antithetical being whose essence and behavior ironically leads to the survival of life.

One example would pertain to a mythical narrative that surmises how it was Huracan who sent a Great Flood to wipe out an entire generation of humans and invoke the Earth for renewal of life.

Given his immense power and chaotic origins, Huracan was often associated with lightning, wind, and storms — with the former often perceived as a manifestation of both fire and fertility.

Interestingly enough, in some tales, Huracan is the one who split opens the mountains by his lightning to reveal the hidden maize seed, thereby leading to the agricultural prowess of the Maya people.

To that end, the very connection of the act of suicide and a Mayan deity was probably first made by 16th-century Spanish bishop Diego de Landa.

He went on to hint at how in Mayan circles, suicide committed due to depression, sickness or pain was seen in a relatively positive light, and as such, the deceased person was allowed to the gloria heaven , often accompanied by Ix Tab, the goddess of the gallows.

As for another hypothesis, Ix Tab might have been the female version of Ah Tab or Ah Tabay — a minor Mayan god of hunting associated with snaring or deceiving.

Often associated with alcoholic brews, Acan or Akan was regarded as one of the Mayan gods who reveled in the boisterous celebrations and drinking.

Unsurprisingly, he was the patron of balche , a Mesoamerican cocktail made from fermented honey and the bitter bark of Blache tree.

In some cases, Acan was also represented as a close friend or aspect of Cucoch , the Mayan god of creative endeavors, thereby also underlining how artistic flair was seen as an extension of recreational activities.

Also known as the Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl in Aztec mythology , the origins of Kukulkan go back to the Late Preclassic Period, as is evident from the representation of the serpent god found at the Olmec site of La Venta.

The stela, dating from some time between — BC, portrays a serpent rearing its head behind a person possibly a priest.

Mayan Gods
Mayan Gods

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Mayan Gods

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1 Comments

  1. Nikogis

    Mir scheint es die ausgezeichnete Idee. Ich bin mit Ihnen einverstanden.

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