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The doubling cube looks like a big die, but the difference is that instead of having one to six pips on each surface, it has a different number on each side.
Those numbers are 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and At the start of the game no one is in possession of the cube and it sits on the bar, between the players. At any point during a game being played at single stakes, either player can offer the cube to the other player.
This offer is an offer to double the stakes of the game, from single stakes to double stakes. The person that is offered the cube has two options.
He can decline the offer, which immediately resigns the game for a score of one point; or he can accept the cube, thus doubling the stakes to two points, and play on.
Once the cube has been offered and accepted once in a game, it is always in the possession of one of the two players it can never return to being in the middle as it was at the start of the game.
The cube can be offered and accepted an unlimited number of times, passing back and forth between the two players. Keep in mind that you can plan to use a particular tactic, but ultimately, it all hinges on the numbers you have to work with, as backgammon is a combination of strategy and randomness or luck.
We could fill a book detailing all of the different variations of the original and most basic game of backgammon. But here are a few that you may find interesting.
FIBS, or the First International Backgammon Server, was developed in Sweden in and is still being used. It allows more than players to compete at once.
There are other backgammon-dedicated sites like Extreme Backgammon and VIP Backgammon. But if you love the game as well as the excitement of real cash wagering, then the opportunities are available to you.
You may or may not know the name Falafel Natanzon, the highest-ranked backgammon player in the world. But how about actors Lucille Ball, John Huston, Kevin Bacon, or Alice in Wonderland author Lewis Carroll?
Where Did Backgammon Begin? The Set-Up — Backgammon Board and Game Pieces How to Play Backgammon The Backgammon Doubling Cube Backgammon Strategy Variations of Backgammon Backgammon — From the Board to the Virtual Board Conclusion.
All About Backgammon — How to Play and More. The components required for a game of backgammon are as follows. Board 30 game pieces checkers divided into two distinct colors Two pairs of dice Two dice cups optional Doubling cube with pips 2, 4, 8, 15, 32, and Five on the 6th point Three on the 8th point Five on the 13th point Two on the 24th point.
Point A point indicates one game space or one move. When a player rolls the dice, each pip is converted to one point. For example, if a die comes up as two, the player can move two spaces or points in the direction of their home area.
More than one checker can rest on a single point, but they must be from a single player. Two players cannot occupy one point or game space at the same time.
Home area The home area is the final quarter section of the game board for each player. Bar The bar is the center section of the board.
Blot A blot is a space or point that has only one checker resting on it. Hit A hit occurs when one player can make a move to a blot occupied by the opponent.
Bearing off Bearing off is removing your checker from the board. The objective of backgammon is to bear off your checkers before your opponent.
Doubles A player that rolls the same pip value on both dice at once has doubles. That player gets to make twice the moves.
Meaning, one or more checkers will be moved three points forward for a total of four times instead of two. Click on it to download the installation software and run it it should be on your desktop as an icon.
Now you can run the Backgammon playing software, select your preferred language, and enter your details name, credit card number, etc.
You can now start playing Backgammon online for money or for fun. Bonuses: There is often a bonus available to first timers that you should claim, giving you an instant head start.
Play Backgammon Online At G ame Colony Play Backgammon against live opponents for FREE or for cash. They also offer a range of different games of skill, including dominoes, chess and cribbage.
Tournament Backgammon Gambling. The most exciting way to play Backgammon is in Backgammon tournaments with live, face to face human opponents.
The chances are there won't be any local tournaments in your area, but if you can travel to a tournament and you think you're proficient enough, then by all means do so.
The other more experienced players should happily explain the procedures involved and offer all the help you need. According to the historical legend, the Indian king Dewisarm sends his minister Taxritos to Persia with the game of chess , and a letter challenging Sasanian King Khosrow I to solve the riddle or rationale for the game.
Khosrow asks for three days to decipher the game, but initially, no-one in the court is able to make any progress. On the third day, Khosrow's minister, Wuzurgmihr, successfully rises and explains the logic of the game.
As a reciprocal challenge, Wuzurgmihr constructs the game of backgammon and delivers it to the Indian king who is unable to decipher the game.
There are two games of nardi commonly played:. Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon. Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.
The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board.
In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point. There is no hitting in long nardi. The objective of the game is bearing all checkers off the board, and there is no doubling cube.
It is described in an epigram of Byzantine Emperor Zeno AD — Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six.
The only differences from modern backgammon were the use of an extra die three rather than two and the starting of all pieces off the board with them entering in the same way that pieces on the bar enter in modern backgammon.
Zeno, who was white, had a stack of seven checkers, three stacks of two checkers and two "blots", checkers that stand alone on a point and are therefore in danger of being put outside the board by an incoming opponent checker.
Zeno threw the three dice with which the game was played and obtained 2, 5 and 6. As in backgammon, Zeno could not move to a space occupied by two opponent black pieces.
The white and black checkers were so distributed on the points that the only way to use all of the three results, as required by the game rules, was to break the three stacks of two checkers into blots, exposing them and ruining the game for Zeno.
The earliest known mention of the game is in Ovid 's Ars Amatoria 'The Art of Love' , written between 1 BC and 8 AD.
In Roman times, this game was also known as alea , and a likely apocryphal Latin story linked this name, and the game, to a Trojan soldier named Alea.
Race board games involving dice have existed for millennia in the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, including the game senet of Ancient Egypt.
Senet was excavated, along with illustrations, from Egyptian royal tombs dating to BC. The usual Tavla rules are same as in the neighboring Arab countries and Greece, as established over a millennium ago,  but there are also many quite different variants.
Players try to flip their pieces over the opponents' pieces to beat them. Backgammon is popular among Greeks. It is a game in which Greeks usually tease their opponent and create a lively atmosphere.
Portes: Set-up and rules the same as backgammon, except that backgammons count as gammons 2 points and there is no doubling cube.
Plakoto : A game where one checker can trap another checker on the same point. Asodio: Also known as Acey-deucey , where all checkers are off the board, and players enter by rolling either doubles or acey-deucey.
These games are played one after another, in matches of three, five, or seven points. Players use the same pair of dice in turns. After the first game, the winner of the previous game starts first.
There is no doubling cube. Over time it was replaced by other games such as xiangqi Chinese chess. In Japan, ban-sugoroku is thought to have been brought from China in the 6th century, and is mentioned in Genji monogatari.
As a gambling game, it was made illegal several times. By the 13th century, the board game Go , originally played only by the aristocracy, had become popular among the general public.
In Korea, it is called Ssang-ryuk or Jeopo. The jeux de tables 'Games of Tables' , predecessors of modern backgammon, first appeared in France during the 11th century and became a favorite pastime of gamblers.
In , Louis IX issued a decree prohibiting his court officials and subjects from playing. In Spain , the Alfonso X manuscript Libro de los juegos , completed in , describes rules for a number of dice and table games in addition to its extensive discussion of chess.
A wooden board and checkers were recovered from the wreck of the Vasa among the belongings of the ship's officers. Backgammon appears widely in paintings of this period, mainly those of Dutch and German painters, such as Van Ostade , Jan Steen , Hieronymus Bosch , and Bruegel.
Some surviving artworks are Cardsharps by Caravaggio the backgammon board is in the lower left and The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel the Elder the backgammon board is in the lower right.
Others include Hell Bosch and Interior of an Inn by Jan Steen. In the 16th century, Elizabethan laws and church regulations prohibited playing tables, but by the 18th century, backgammon was popular among the English clergy.
In English, the word "backgammon" is most likely derived from "back" and Middle English : gamen , meaning "game" or "play".
The earliest use documented by the Oxford English Dictionary was in The most recent major development in backgammon was the addition of the doubling cube.
It was first introduced in the s in New York City among members of gaming clubs in the Lower East Side. The popularity of backgammon surged in the mids, in part due to the charisma of Prince Alexis Obolensky who became known as "The Father of Modern Backgammon".
He also established the World Backgammon Club of Manhattan, devised a backgammon tournament system in , then organized the first major international backgammon tournament in March , which attracted royalty, celebrities and the press.
Cigarette, liquor and car companies began to sponsor tournaments, and Hugh Hefner held backgammon parties at the Playboy Mansion.
Most recently, the United States Backgammon Federation USBGF was organized in to repopularize the game in the United States. Board and committee members include many of the top players, tournament directors and writers in the worldwide backgammon community.
The USBGF has recently created a Standards of Ethical Practice to address issues on which tournament rules fail to touch.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. One of the oldest board games for two players. For other uses, see Backgammon disambiguation.
A backgammon set, consisting of a board, two sets of 15 checkers, two pairs of dice, a doubling cube, and dice cups.
Play media. Main article: Tables board game. This section may be confusing or unclear to readers.
In particular, the picture is incorrect because it does not take into account that when rolling doubles, a given distance may be traveled using the rolled number 3 or 4 times.
Please help us clarify the section. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.
See also: List of World Backgammon champions. See also: Nard game. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. New Series 1 9 : — A History of Board-Games Other than Chess.
Hacker Art Books. Backgammon For Dummies. Backgammon to Win. Lulu Com. Backgammon Galore!. Rules of play describe a particular variation of backgammon and on this there is no disagreement among international tournaments.
In fact, tournament rules sets do not usually specify these rules but might instead refer, as in the US Rules, to the 'commonly accepted rules of backgammon.
Gaming Guide - Gambling in Europe. Backgammon for Winners Third ed. Hoyle's Rules of Games Third Revised and Updated ed.
To start the game, each player throws a single die. This determines both the player to go first and the numbers to be played.
Retrieved Backgammon for Serious Players Second ed. Archived from the original on Artificial Intelligence. Archived from the original PDF on Archived from the original on 13 September Archived from the original on 13 March The three games together are called 'Tavli' and are usually played one after the other in matches of three, five, or seven points Backgammon Galore!